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Tabla is a pair of small drums comes under category of percussion instruments generally played in India. It is bit like Bongo Drums. Tabla is played with fingers and hands to produces a strong hollow sound.
It is a set of two drums, of different shapes, played at different timbres. They are often played sitting down, with the drum across the lap or in front of it. They can be played with the fingers, thumbs, palms, and knuckles, and produce different sounds based on the size of the drum. Tablas feature a perfect tunable pitch and because of its acoustical properties, the tabla is capable of many different notes.
The construction of the “tabla" is unique. It consists of a small right hand drum called dayan and a larger metal left hand drum called bayan. The dayan (right hand drum) is almost always made of wood. The diameter at the membrane may run from five inches to over six inches. The bayan (left hand drum) can be made of iron, steel, aluminum, copper, or clay; yet brass with a nickel or chrome plate is the most common material. Undoubtedly the most striking characteristic of the tabla is the large black spot on each of the playing surfaces. These black spots are a mixture of gum, soot, and iron filings. Their function is to create the bell-like timbre that is characteristic of the instrument.
Most famous Indian players of the tabla include Alla Rakha Khan and his son Zakir Hussain.
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